Case Comparison

 

When choosing a case consider more than just aesthetics.  How big do you want your computer to be?  How many PCIe expansion cards do you want it to support?  More importantly for fanless computers, how much heat (measured in TDP) can the case or compatible CPU cooler effectively dissipate?  The higher the TDP rating, the faster a CPU you can use.

CaseMotherboard
Size
VolumeMax
CPU
TDP
Graphics
Card
Support
Max
GPU
TDP
PCIe
Full
Height
PCIe
Low
Profile
CPU/GPU
Cooler
2.5”
SSDs
Supported
Akasa
Euler
Thin Mini ITX2.6 L35 WNoN/A00Case1
Akasa
Euler MX
Mini ITX5.1 L65 WNoN/A00Case2
Akasa
Galileo
Thin Mini ITX2.1 L35 WNoN/A00Case0
Akasa
Turing
NUC2.7 L50 WNoN/A00Case1
Cooler Master
Elite 110
Mini ITX15.4 L65 WYes30 W10Internal4
Cooler Master
Q300L
Micro ATX33.8 L95 WYes30 W40Internal2
Fractal Design
Meshify C
ATX40.4 L95 WYes30 W70Internal4
HDPlex
H1
Mini ITX5.5 L65 WNoN/A00Case4
HDPlex
H3
Mini ITX7.9 L95 WNoN/A10Case4
HDPlex
H5
ATX15.4 L95 WYes120 W21Case4
MonsterLabo
First
Mini ITX19.2 L95 WYes160 W1
(GPU Only)
0Case3
Silverstone
FTZ01-E
Mini ITX14.1 L35 WYes30 W10Internal4
Streacom
DB4
Mini ITX18.1 L65 WYes75 W10Case4
Streacom
FC5
ATX10.0 L65 WNoN/A10Case4
Streacom
FC8
Mini ITX5.9 L65 WNoN/A01Case4
Streacom
FC9
Micro ATX11.0 L65 WNoN/A03Case4
Streacom
FC10
ATX13.8 L65 WNoN/A20Case4
ZeroRPM
HT03
Mini ITX11.1 L75 WYes75 W10Case2

Motherboard Comparison

 

When choosing a motherboard consider its size, processor support, video ports available, and whether or not it includes Wi-Fi.  Wi-Fi can be added to motherboards that do not already include Wi-Fi, but at an added cost.

MotherboardSizeProcessorMax
RAM
PCIe
Slots
M.2
Slots
SATA
Ports
Video
Ports
Ethernet
Ports
Wi-FiUSB
Ports
ASRock
B450 Gaming-ITX
Mini ITXAMD
Ryzen
32 GB1 x16 (w/ CPU)
1 x8 (w/ APU)
1 80 mm4DisplayPort
HDMI
1Included2 2.0
2 3.0
1 3.1
1 3.1 Gen 2 C
ASRock
B450M-HDV R4.0
Micro ATXAMD
Ryzen
32 GB1 x16 (w/ CPU)
1 x8 (w/ APU)
1 x1
1 80 mm4HDMI
DVI-D
D-Sub
1PCIe Card2 2.0
4 3.0
ASRock
B450 Pro4
ATXAMD
Ryzen
64 GB1 x16 (w/ CPU)
1 x8 (w/ APU)
1 x4
4 x1
1 80 mm
1 110 mm (SATA)
6DisplayPort
HDMI
D-Sub
1PCIe Card2 2.0
4 3.0
1 3.1
1 3.1 Gen 2 C
ASRock
H310M-HDV
Micro ATXIntel
Coffee Lake
32 GB1 x16
1 x1
None4HDMI
DVI-D
D-Sub
1PCIe Card4 2.0
2 3.0
ASRock
H310M-ITX
Mini ITXIntel
Coffee Lake
32 GB1 x161 80 mm4DisplayPort
HDMI
DVI-D
1Included2 2.0
2 3.0
ASRock
H370M-ITX
Mini ITXIntel
Coffee Lake
32 GB1 x161 80 mm6DisplayPort
2 x HDMI
2Included2 2.0
2 3.0
4 3.1
Asus
H310T
Thin Mini ITXIntel
Coffee Lake
32 GB
SO-DIMM
None1 80 mm2DisplayPort
HDMI
1M.2 E Card2 2.0
2 3.0
Asus
ROG Strix B450-F Gaming
ATXAMD
Ryzen
64 GB2 x16 (w/ CPU)
2 x8 (w/ APU)
1 x4
3 x1
2 80 mm
1 110 mm
4DisplayPort
HDMI
1PCIe Card2 2.0
3 3.0
1 3.0 C
2 3.1 Gen 2 A
Asus
H370-F
ATXIntel
Coffee Lake
64 GB1 x16
1 x4
4 x1
1 80 mm
1 80 mm (SATA)
6DisplayPort
HDMI
DVI-D
1PCIe Card4 2.0
2 3.1
1 3.1 C
Asus
TUF H310-Plus
ATXIntel
Coffee Lake
32 GB1 x16
2 x1
3 PCI
1 80 mm (SATA)4HDMI
D-Sub
1PCIe Card2 2.0
2 3.0
Gigabyte
H370M DS3H
Micro ATXIntel
Coffee Lake
64 GB1 x16
1 x4
2 x1
1 80 mm
1 110 mm (SATA)
6DisplayPort
HDMI
DVI-D
D-Sub
1PCIe Card2 2.0
3 3.0
1 3.0 C
Gigabyte
H370N
Mini ITXIntel
Coffee Lake
32 GB1 x162 80 mm4DisplayPort
2 x HDMI
2Included4 3.0
1 3.0 C
Intel
NUC8I3BEH
NUCIntel
i3-8109U
32 GB
SO-DIMM
None1 80 mm1HDMI
DisplayPort (via USB C)
1Included4 3.1
1 Tunderbolt 3
Intel
NUC8I5BEH
NUCIntel
i5-8259U
32 GB
SO-DIMM
None1 80 mm1HDMI
DisplayPort (via USB C)
1Included4 3.1
1 Tunderbolt 3
Intel
NUC8I7BEH
NUCIntel
i7-8559U
32 GB
SO-DIMM
None1 80 mm1HDMI
DisplayPort (via USB C)
1Included4 3.1
1 Tunderbolt 3
MSI
B450M Mortar
Micro ATXAMD
Ryzen
64 GB1 x16 (w/ CPU)
1 x8 (w/ APU)
1 x4
2 x1
1 80 mm4DisplayPort
HDMI
1PCIe Card2 2.0
4 3.0
1 3.1
1 3.1 Gen 2 C

CPU Comparison

 

There are three main parameters to consider when choosing a central processing unit (CPU): the number of cores and threads, the base and boost core frequencies, and the thermal design power (TDP).  A core is a physically separate processing unit and a thread is a simulated processing unit.  The more cores a CPU has, the more instructions it can process at full speed.  Two threads share a single core’s processing power and therefore do not operate quite as quickly as two separate cores, although performance between a single core and a single thread can be similar.  Single cores will work just as quickly as multiple cores for simpler tasks such as web browsing, word processing, and playing music or movies.  Some tasks greatly benefit from multiple cores however, including photo and video editing, video encoding, and more demanding gaming.  A CPU’s frequency is the theoretical number of instructions it can process in one second.  Generally a higher frequency means a faster processor, although not all clock cycles are equal; that’s why benchmark tests exist.  The base frequency is the frequency at which all cores can operate indefinitely.  A boost frequency can generally only be operated at by a single core at a time, and only if temperatures are low enough to safely allow it.  A CPU’s TDP corresponds to the amount of heat a processor will produce.  TDP does not directly affect performance, but if a processor’s TDP is higher than what a fanless cooler can handle, the processor will automatically “throttle,” or reduce its frequency to reduce its temperature and prevent damage.

ProcessorCoresThreadsBase
Frequency
Boost
Frequency
CacheTDPPassmark
Benchmark
Integrated
Graphics
Passmark
Graphics
Benchmark
AMD
Athlon 200GE
243.2 GHz3.2 GHz5 MB35 W4,935Radeon
Vega 3
1,109
AMD
Athlon 240GE
243.5 GHz3.5 GHz5 MB35 W5,411Radeon
Vega 3
1,109
AMD
Ryzen 3 3200G
443.6 GHz4.0 GHz6 MB65 W7,999Radeon
Vega 8
1,734
AMD
Ryzen 5 3400G
483.7 GHz4.2 GHz6 MB65 W10,244Radeon
RX Vega 11
2,279
AMD
Ryzen 5 3600
6123.6 GHz4.2 GHz35 MB65 W20,027NoneN/A
AMD
Ryzen 7 3700X
8163.6 GHz4.4 GHz36 MB65 W23,822NoneN/A
Intel
Celeron G4930
223.2 GHz3.2 GHz2 MB54 WTBDIntel
UHD 610
779
Intel
Core i3-8109U
243.0 GHz3.6 GHz4 MB28 W6,181Intel
Iris Plus 655
1,964
Intel
Core i3-9100
443.6 GHz4.2 GHz6 MB65 W9,043Intel
UHD 630
1,210
Intel
Core i5-8259U
482.3 GHz3.8 GHz6 MB28 W11,015Intel
Iris Plus 655
1,964
Intel
Core i5-9400
662.9 GHz4.1 GHz9 MB65 W11,826Intel
UHD 630
1,210
Intel
Core i7-8559U
482.7 GHz4.5 GHz8 MB28 W12,376Intel
Iris Plus 655
1,964
Intel
Core i7-9700
883.0 GHz4.7 GHz12 MB65 W16,020Intel
UHD 630
1,210
Intel
Core i9-9900
8163.1 GHz5.0 GHz16 MB65 W19,296Intel
UHD 630
1,210
Intel
Pentium Gold G5420
243.8 GHz3.8 GHz4 MB54 W5,518Intel
UHD 610
779

How Much RAM Do I Need?

 

Generally the more RAM you have, the better.  Doubling the amount of memory in your system will give you ample “space” to work with and will make a difference in overall speed when multitasking.  More memory allows you to run more programs at once, and memory-hungry programs will see increased performance.

UsersRecommended RAM
Casual Users & Frequent Users:
Internet Browsing, Email, Simple Office Programs, Simple Graphics Programs, Simple Gaming, Media Playback, Little Multitasking
4 GB
Power Users & Students:
Internet Browsing, Email, Office Programs, Photo Editing, Video Editing, Graphics Programs, Gaming, Intensive Multitasking
8-16 GB
Professional Users, Gamers, & Graphic Designers
High Performance Gaming, High-Definition Multimedia Editing, Graphics Design, 3D Modeling, Intensive Multitasking
≥ 16 GB

GPU Comparison

 

The available graphics processing units (GPUs) can be split into three categories: integrated GPUs that are included with the CPU and are good for everyday tasks, discrete low-power (< 50 W TDP) graphics cards also good for everyday tasks, and discrete high-power graphics cards good for intense graphics performance for demanding games, video editing, and 3D modeling.

Graphics
Processor
CoresBase
Frequency
Boost
Frequency
MemoryTDPPassmark
Graphics
Benchmark
AMD
Radeon
RX 560
1,0241,175 MHz1,275 MHz4 GB80 W4,337
AMD
Radeon
RX Vega 11
111,400 MHz1,400 MHzRAM
Dependent
CPU
Dependent
2,279
AMD
Radeon
Vega 3
31,000 MHz1,000 MHzRAM
Dependent
CPU
Dependent
1,109
AMD
Radeon
Vega 8
81,250 MHz1,250 MHzRAM
Dependent
CPU
Dependent
1,734
Intel
Iris Plus 655
48300 MHz1,050 MHzRAM
Dependent
CPU
Dependent
1,964
Intel
UHD 610
12350 MHz1,050 MHzRAM
Dependent
CPU
Dependent
779
Intel
UHD 630
24350 MHz1,100 MHzRAM
Dependent
CPU
Dependent
1,210
Nvidia
GeForce
GT 710
192954 MHz954 MHz2 GB19 W689
Nvidia
GeForce
GT 1030
3841,228 MHz1,468 MHz2 GB30 W2,243
Nvidia
GeForce
GTX 1650
8961,485 MHz1,665 MHz4 GB75 W7,651
Nvidia
GeForce
GTX 1660 Ti
1,5361,500 MHz1770 MHz6 GB120 W11,452
Nvidia
GeForce
RTX 2060
1,9201,365 MHz1,680 MHz6 GB160 W12,927
Nvidia
Quadro
P2000
1,0241,370 MHz1,470 MHz5 GB75 W7,270